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The Top 5 American Cities With the Highest Rate of AIDS Per Capita

  City Rate 2008 Rate 2004 Percent Change
1 Miami, FL 42.8 per 100,000 53.8 per 100,000 - 20.446 %
2 Baton Rouge, LA 40.0 per 100,000 35.0 per 100,000 + 19.714 %
3 New Orleans, LA 32.4 per 100,000 31.9 per 100,000 + 1.567 %
4 Baltimore, MD 32.3 per 100,000 32.8 per 100,000 - 1.524 %
5 Jacksonville, FL 26.9 per 100,000 29.9 per 100,000 - 10.033 %
Sources:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010) 'Diagnoses of HIV infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2008

List Notes: Rate is per 100,000 persons. Data is AIDS diagnoses, 2008 and cumulative, and persons living with an AIDS diagnosis, year-end 2007, by metropolitan statistical area of residence - United States and Puerto Rico (last updated by Top 5 of Anything Dec 23, 2010).
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  1. The South is currently the region with the largest proportion of AIDS cases from less urban and nonurban areas, while in the Northeast and the West, more than 90% of cases were in large metropolitan areas at the time of AIDS diagnosis. HIV disproportionately affects certain populations. Men who have sex with men (MSM), blacks/African Americans, and Hispanics/Latinos are the groups most affected by HIV infection. (a.)
  2. At the end of 2007 the estimated numbers of adults and adolescents living with AIDS were highest in the South and Northeast, and lowest in the Midwest. The states with the most AIDS diagnoses were found in the south, but the cities with the most AIDS cases were spread across the country. Blacks/African Americans accounted for the largest proportion of AIDS cases in all areas except the West where whites accounted for the highest number of cases.
  3. The number of people living with HIV infection in the United States (HIV prevalence) is higher than ever before. CDC has estimated that more than 1 million (1,106,400) adults and adolescents were living with HIV infection in the United States at the end of 2006, the most recent year for which national prevalence estimates are available. This represents an increase of approximately 11% from the previous estimate in 2003. (a.)
  4. The great majority of persons with HIV infection do not transmit HIV to others. CDC estimates that there were 5 transmissions per 100 persons living with HIV infection in the United States in 20063. This means that at least 95% of those living with HIV infection did not transmit the virus to others that year - an 89% decline in the estimated rate of HIV transmission since the peak level of new infections in the mid-1980s. The decline in transmission is likely due to effective prevention efforts and the availability of improved testing and treatments for HIV. The lower transmission rate is what has enabled HIV incidence to remain stable despite increasing prevalence. (a.)
  5. Despite increases in the total number of people living with HIV infection, the annual number of new HIV infections (HIV incidence) has remained relatively stable in recent years. According to the most recent incidence estimates, approximately 56,000 persons have been infected with HIV annually during the past decade. This estimate has been relatively stable since the late 1990s-despite more people living with HIV infection every year and, thus, increased opportunities for transmission to occur. (a.)
Top 5 facts sources:
  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). "HIV in the United States: An Overview" Retrieved: Dec, 2010.





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