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The Top 5 Egg Producing Countries

  Country Egg Production 2011
(metric tonnes)
% of World Total
1 China 23,897,000 m/t 36.6%
2 United States 5,415,600 m/t 8.3%
3 India 3,490,000 m/t 5.3%
4 Japan 2,482,628 m/t 3.8%
5 Mexico 2,458,732 m/t 3.7%
Sources:  FAOSTAT data, 2014 (last accessed by Top 5 of Anything: January 2014).
List Notes: Egg production is in metric tonnes (m/t) for the year 2011 (latest year for which statistics are available as of Jan 2014). This top 5 list may include official, semi-official or estimated data gathered by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Image By Paolo Neo [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
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  1. In 2009, an estimated 62.1 million metric tons of eggs were produced worldwide from a total laying flock of approximately 6.4 billion hens. China is the world’s largest egg producer its annual tonnage is over four times that of the next largest country (The United States). The region holds around 64% of all laying hens. (a.)
  2. Egg production in the USA in 2009 reached 90.4 billion, only slightly more than the 90 billion produced in 2008. (a.).
  3. Most eggs produced in the United States are table eggs for human consumption. In 2010, the number of eggs sold as table eggs totalled 78.2 billion eggs. The remainder of production is for the hatching market. (b.)
  4. Prior to World War II, most egg production came from farm flocks of less than 400 hens. By the early 1960s, improved technology and the development of sophisticated mechanical equipment were responsible for a shift from small farm flocks to larger commercial operations. In the major egg-producing states, flocks of 100,000 laying hens are common, and some flocks number more than 1 million. Each of the 337 million laying birds in the United States in 2009 produced an average of 268 eggs a year. (b.).
  5. Of the estimated 215.7 million cases of shell eggs produced in the United States in 2009: 124.6 million cases (57.8%) went to retail, 66.4 million cases (30.8%) were further processed (for foodservice, manufacturing, retail and export), 18.3 million cases (8.5%) went for foodservice use and 6.4 million cases (3%) were exported. (b.)
Top 5 facts sources:
  1. Watt Executive Guide to World Poultry Trends. 2010. Retrieved December 31st, 2011.
  2. Agricultural Marketing Resource Center. 2011., Retrieved December 31st, 2011.