Sources: FAOSTAT data, 2014 (last accessed by Top 5 of Anything: December 19th, 2014).
List Notes: Wheat production is in metric tonnes (m/t) for the year 2012 (latest year for which statistics are available as of Dec 2014). This top 5 list may include official, semi-official or estimated data gathered by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
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The developing world's share of all wheat imports is currently around 60 percent. At the same time imports have risen and wheat has assumed greater importance in the local diet. There is a global surplus of wheat. Prices have declined by 46 percent since 1950. Stocks have reached record levels over the past decade.
In Asia wheat, rice and maize are the major food grains contributing over 90 percent of the total food grains. Asia contributes the majority of the world's rice production (about 90%) followed by South America and Africa.
The major wheat producing and consuming countries in Asia are China, India, Iran, Pakistan and Turkey.
Much of the world's wheat is grown in dry land areas.
Throughout the developing world the use of wheat per capita has rapidly grown. In the large mixed-cereal economies of India, China and Mexico, higher levels of consumption have been met from greater domestic production and self-sufficiency. Other countries, such as the traditional wheat consumers of North Africa and West Asia have used imports to meet increased consumption.
Top 5 facts sources:
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2008.