The Top 5 Countries with the Highest Rates of Tuberculosis

  Country Tuberculosis Rate
(per 100,000)
Tuberculosis Incidence Mortality
1 South Africa 860 450,000 64,000
2 Zimbabwe 552 78,000 22,000
3 Mozambique 552 140,000 38,000
4 Cambodia 400 61,000 590
5 Myanmar 373 200,000 4,300
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 Special Report
  1. Tuberculosis remains one of the world's deadliest communicable diseases. In 2013, an estimated 9.0 million people developed TB and 1.5 million died from the disease, 360 000 of whom were HIV-positive. (a).
  2. Of the estimated 9 million people who developed TB in 2013, more than half (56%) were in the South-East Asia and Western Pacific Regions. A further one quarter were in the African Region, which also had the highest rates of cases and deaths relative to population. India and China alone accounted for 24% and 11% of total cases, respectively. (a).
  3. About 60% of TB cases and deaths occur among men, but the burden of disease among women is also high. In 2013, an estimated 510 000 women died as a result of TB, more than one third of whom were HIV-positive. There were 80 000 deaths from TB among HIV-negative children in the same year. (a).
  4. An estimated 1.1 million (13%) of the 9 million people who developed TB in 2013 were HIV-positive. The number of people dying from HIV-associated TB has been falling for almost a decade. The African Region accounts for about four out of every five HIV-positive TB cases and TB deaths among people who were HIV positive. (a).
  5. Globally, the TB mortality rate fell by an estimated 45% between 1990 and 2013 and the TB prevalence rate fell by 41% during the same period. (a).
Top 5 facts sources:
  1. (a.) World Health Organization. (2015). "Global tuberculosis report 2014."
Tags: Health Statistics, Top 5 Highest, Africa

Sources:  World Health Organization: Global tuberculosis report 2014.

List Notes: Data is the Top 5 countries with the highest rate of tuberculosis for the year 2013. Tuberculosis rate is per 100,000 population. Mortality incidence is HIV + TB. Some data are estimates.
Countries with the Highest Rates of Tuberculosis

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