The Top 5 Largest Dump Trucks in the World

  Make/Model Payload Capacity
(metric tonnes)
Operating Weight Horsepower Fuel Tank Capacity
1 Belaz
450m tons 360,000 kgs
(793,664 lbs)
4,600 hp* 5,600 ltrs
(1,479 gallons)
2 Liebherr
T 282 B
400m tons 592,000 kgs
(1,305 000 lbs)
3,750 hp 4,730 ltrs
(1,250 gallons)
3 Caterpillar
380m tons 623,690 kgs
(1,375,000 lbs)
3,793 hp* 6,814 ltrs
(1,800 gallons)
4 Bucyrus
MT 6300AC
363m tons 543,311 kgs
(1,198,000 lbs)
3,750 hp 3,028 ltrs
(800 gallons)
5 Komatsu
320m tons 504,394 kgs
(1,112,000 lbs)
3,500 hp 4,542 ltrs
(1,200 gallons)
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 Special Report

The World's Largest Dump Truck is Unimaginably Massive

In 2014 the BELAZ-75710 became the largest dump truck in the world (and it is really, really big) It delivers it's staggering 450 metric ton payload capacity by using 8 massive tires each designed for about 100 tons of load. It is over 20 meters long, nearly 10 meters wide and eight meters high. The turning diameter of this dump truck is about 20 meters and it has a maximum speed of approximately 64kms per hour (about 40 mph). How much does it cost? Even Jeff Besos would struggle to pay for one.

The Liebherr T 282 is a Pretty Big Truck Too

The Liebherr T 282 B although king of the trucks no longer, is still a seriously big dump truck. It is driven by a 90 liter diesel engine capable of producing 3650 horsepower, which weighs approximately ten and a half tons. The price for one of these trucks is about $ 3.5 million dollars (U.S.). The truck is actually a hybrid as its diesel engine powers two electric engines that are located in the rear axle of the truck. At about 60,000 operating hours the T 282 B uses approximately 2 million liters of fuel. It stands at 7.84 meters tall (25 feet) and 14.5 meters long (48 feet).

That'll be 35 thousand Dollars for the Tire Change Please

The Caterpillar 797B is designed specifically for high-production mining and construction sites. It is 7.6 meters high empty and 14.5 meters long and costs between cost: $5 million to $6 million. A single tire for the 797B costs more than $35,000, is four meters high and weighs over 15,000 kilograms. the truck is so large that so large it can't be driven on the highway, so it is taken in pieces to the job site and assembled there.

On On February 19, 2010, the Terex Unit Rig MT 6300AC was re-branded as the Bucyrus MT 6300AC when Terex sold its mining equipment division to Bucyrus International Inc. for $1.3 billion (USD). The MT6300 stands at 7.92 meters tall (26 feet) and 15.5 meters long (51 feet). The truck is priced between 4 to 5 million dollars.

These trucks known as "Ultra Class" trucks, some of which, can be driven by remote control are off-road haul trucks. They are used strictly for mining and heavy dirt hauling jobs. The more appropriate term in the construction industry for this vehicle is, 'Haul' truck, and not 'dump' truck as they are sometimes called. The Caterpillar 797B is referred to as a mechanical truck since it uses a large diesel engine (sometimes two engines) and large transmissions to power the rear wheels. These types of monster trucks can use about 1 gallon (or 3.8 liters) of fuel every 30 seconds.

Not Exactly Your Dad's Dump Truck Technology

The Liebherr T 282 B, which was designed by electrical engineer Francis Bartley, is referred to as a Diesel-Electric Truck because it uses a diesel engine linked to an alternator that generates electricity which is converted to AC and is used to power two giant electric motors found on the rear wheel assemblies, similar to a train locomotive. It's also known as a series plug-in hybrid (at 2700 Kw). Siemens provides the two AC induction motors for the rear axle, engine mounted generator and the solid state computer controlled power inverters that have been proven over millions of operating hours in train locomotives. Not only is the AC drive system lighter than either mechanical or DC transmission systems, they provide faster acceleration and a higher top speed. According to Bartley about 50 to 75 trucks are sold each year worldwide in the over-300-ton range.

Noel James Riggs

Noel James Riggs,
Head writer, Top 5 of
Top 5 facts sources: a. Liebherr T 282 B Product Brochure. b. Caterpillar; Journal archives. c. New Scientist "Build it big" interview with Francis Bartely, June 2004. Various.
Tags: Transportation, Top 5 Largest, Motor Vehicles

Sources:  Top 5 of Anything Research 2014.

List Notes: This list is rated by payload capacity in metric tonnes and not the weight of the truck. Last updated January 2014. *Indicates two engines with the horsepower being the sum of both.
Largest Dump Trucks in the World

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