The Top 5 Countries with the Most Threatened Mammals

  Country Threatened Mammals 2015 Threatened Mammals 2010 % Increase
(2010 to 2015)
1 Indonesia 186 183 + 1.6%
2 Madagascar 118 63 + 87.3%
3 Mexico 101 99 + 2.0%
4 India 96 93 + 3.2%
5 Brazil 81 79 + 2.5%
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  1. In the last 500 years, human activity is known to have forced 869 species to extinction (or extinction in the wild). (a.)
  2. One in four mammals and one in eight birds face a high risk of extinction in the near future. People and threatened species are often concentrated in the same areas. This is especially true in much of Asia, in particular southeast China, the Western Ghats of India, the Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Java (Indonesia), the Philippines and parts of Japan, and in parts of Africa (especially the Albertine Rift in Central Africa and the Ethiopian Highlands). The number of threatened species is likely to rapidly increase in regions where human population growth rates are high. Future conflicts between the needs of threatened species and rapidly increasing human populations are predicted to occur in Cameroon, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Madagascar, Malaysia, Peru, Philippines, Tanzania, and Venezuela. (a.)
  3. The current species extinction rate is estimated to be between 1,000 and 10,000 times higher than the natural or "background" rate. Unlike the mass extinction events of geological history, the current extinction phenomenon is one for which a single species - ours - appears to be almost wholly responsible. This is often referred to as "the sixth extinction crisis", after the five known extinction waves in geological history. (a.)
  4. The total number of known threatened animal species has increased from 5,205 to 8,462 since 1996. The number of species known to be threatened with extinction has topped 16,928. Their ranks include familiar species like the Polar Bear, Hippopotamus, sharks, freshwater fish and Mediterranean flowers. Marine species are proving to be just as much at risk as their land-based counterparts. (a.).
  5. Indonesia, India, Brazil and China are among the countries with the most threatened mammals and birds. Threats vary both within and between species groups. Although habitat destruction is universally the most dominant threat, over-exploitation (harvesting, trade etc.) is a major threat to mammals, affecting 33% of threatened species. For birds, over-exploitation and invasive alien species both affect about 30% of threatened species. Of the amphibians, 29% of species are affected by pollution (including climate change) and 17% by disease (particularly chytridiomycosis). The interaction between disease and extreme climatic events (drought) is the leading theory behind widespread amphibian declines. (a.).
Top 5 facts sources:
  1. ICUN Redlist (2015), "Species Extinction - The Facts". Retrieved October 19th, 2015.
Tags: Country Statistics, Threatened & Endangered Species, Top 5 Most

Sources:  IUCN 2015. "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species"

List Notes: Data is the top 5 countries with the most threatened mammals. Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, etc.) which are vulnerable to endangerment in the near future. Percent increase is the percent increase in threatened mammals for that country from 2010 to June 2015. List last updated October 2015.
Countries with the Most Threatened Mammals

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