The Top 5 Leading Causes of Disease for Female Children 5 to 14

  Cause of Disease Female Children Afflicted
1 Childhood-cluster Diseases 3,834,812
2 Unipolar Depressive Disorders 2,885,367
3 Iron deficiency anemia 2,842,775
4 Lower Respiratory Infections 2,764,181
5 Diarrhoeal Diseases 2,494,724
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 Special Report
  1. For childhood cluster diseases, the per capita rates in developing countries are over 70-times higher than in developed countries (childhood cluster diseases are diseases that occur in certain populations at the same time such as Whooping Cough, Polio, Measles, Mumps, etc).
  2. Depressive disorders, as a single diagnostic category, are the leading cause of disability worldwide. Depression without periods of elation or mania is sometimes referred to as unipolar depression because a persons mood remains on one pole. The World Health Organization's "Global Burden of Disease" study found that that mental illness, including suicide, accounts for over 15 percent of the burden of disease in established market economies, such as in Western countries like Canada and The United States. This is more than the disease burden caused by all cancers together.
  3. Iron deficiency anemia alone results in approximately 12 million DALYs (Disability-Adjusted Life Years) lost annually, making it the world's most important nutrition problem. Fifty-one percent of all pregnant women suffer from iron-deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most pervasive of all nutritional deficiencies in India, particularly affecting women, especially pregnant women, as well as infants, young children, and adolescent girls. Various estimates from different parts of the country indicate that more than 70% of pregnant women, approximately 50% of all women, and 65-70% of adolescent girls may suffer from IDA. Prevalence of anemia among young children may be as high as 90% when hookworm infections are present.
  4. More than half of the world's population rely on dung, wood, crop waste or coal to meet their most basic energy needs. Cooking and heating with such solid fuels on open fires or stoves without chimneys leads to indoor air pollution and exposure and is particularly high among women and children. In most societies, women are in charge of cooking and - depending on the demands of the local cuisine - they spend between three and seven hours per day near the stove, preparing food. 59% of all indoor air pollution-attributable deaths thus fall on females. Every year, indoor air pollution leads to Lower Respiratory Infections and is responsible for the death of one person every 20 seconds. Globally, pneumonia and other acute lower respiratory infections represent the single most important cause of death in children under five years. Exposure to indoor air pollution more than doubles the risk of pneumonia and is thus responsible for more than 900,000 of the 2 million annual deaths from pneumonia.
  5. 1.8 million people die every year from diarrhoeal diseases (including cholera); 90% are children under 5, mostly in developing countries. 88% of diarrhoeal disease is attributed to unsafe water supply, inadequate sanitation and hygiene. Hygiene interventions including hygiene education and promotion of hand washing can lead to a reduction of diarrhoeal cases by up to 45%. Women play a key role in educating children about water. Their interest in water awareness is major, since it is they who look after the household, and whose children often fall sick due to contaminated water or lack of hygiene: each year, nearly two million children die from diarrhoeal diseases. Simply educating children in developing countries to always wash their hands after using the toilet and before preparing food, is an effective means of preventing these often deadly diarrhoeal diseases.
Tags: Health Statistics

Sources:  WHO report: Injury, a leading cause of the global burden of disease 2000.

List Notes: All Statistics are for the year 2000. This WHO study combines mortality data from national vital registration systems with information obtained from surveys, censuses,epidemiological studies and health service data.
Leading Causes of Disease for Female Children 5 to 14

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