- As of 2009, the FAO estimates that 1.02 billion people are undernourished worldwide. This is the highest number since 1970, the earliest year for which comparable statistics are available.
- Asia and the Pacific is home to the largest number of hungry people (642 million) while Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest prevalence of hunger, with more than one in three people being undernourished.
- Hunger in the world has been on the rise for the past decade and the declining trend in the proportion of undernourished people in developing countries has been reversed over the last few years. The number of hungry people increased between 1995 and 1997 and between 2004 and 2006 in all regions except Latin America and the Caribbean. The three main groups which are most at risk of hunger are: the rural poor, the urban poor, and victims of catastrophes.
- Undernourishment exists when caloric intake is
below the minimum dietary energy requirement
(MDER). The MDER is the amount of energy needed
for light activity and a minimum acceptable weight for
attained height, and it varies by country and from year
to year depending on the gender and age structure of
- Food security exists when all people, at all times,
have physical, social and economic access to sufficient,
safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs
and food preferences for an active and healthy life.
Household food security is the application of this
concept to the family level, with individuals within
households as the focus of concern. Food insecurity exists when people do not have
adequate physical, social or economic access to food
as defined above.
Top 5 facts sources: FAO Report 2009: The State of Food Security in the World - Economic crises - impacts and lessons learned.