The Top 5 Leading Causes of Death for Female Children 5 to 14

  Cause of Death Female Child Deaths
1 Childhood-cluster Diseases 100,134
2 Lower Respiratory Infections 66,722
3 Diarrhoeal Diseases 50,087
4 Malaria 49,098
5 HIV/AIDS 30,887
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 Special Report
  1. For childhood cluster diseases, the per capita rates in developing countries are over 70-times higher than in developed countries (childhood cluster diseases are diseases that occur in certain populations at the same time such as Whooping Cough, Polio, Measles, Mumps, etc).
  2. More than half of the world's population rely on dung, wood, crop waste or coal to meet their most basic energy needs. Cooking and heating with such solid fuels on open fires or stoves without chimneys leads to indoor air pollution and exposure is particularly high among women and children. In most societies, women are in charge of cooking and - depending on the demands of the local cuisine - they spend between three and seven hours per day near the stove, preparing food. 59% of all indoor air pollution-attributable deaths thus fall on females. Every year, indoor air pollution leads to Lower Respiratory Infections and is responsible for the death of one person every 20 seconds. Globally, pneumonia and other acute lower respiratory infections represent the single most important cause of death in children under five years. Exposure to indoor air pollution more than doubles the risk of pneumonia and is thus responsible for more than 900 000 of the 2 million annual deaths from pneumonia.
  3. 1.8 million people die every year from diarrhoeal diseases (including cholera); 90% are children under 5, mostly in developing countries. 88% of diarrhoeal disease is attributed to unsafe water supply, inadequate sanitation and hygiene. Hygiene interventions including hygiene education and promotion of hand washing can lead to a reduction of diarrhoeal cases by up to 45%. Women play a key role in educating children about water. Their interest in water awareness is major, since it is they who look after the household, and whose children often fall sick due to contaminated water or lack of hygiene: each year, nearly two million children die from diarrhoeal diseases. Simply educating children in developing countries to always wash their hands after using the toilet and before preparing food, is an effective means of preventing these often deadly diarrhoeal diseases.
  4. 90% of Malaria victims are in Africa. Malaria kills a child every 30 seconds. Malaria, as a leading cause of death primarily affects poor women. Pregnant women are often at greater risk for malaria due to the physiological stresses associated with pregnancy because a woman's immunity is particularly compromised during pregnancy, making pregnant women more likely to become infected and thus implying more harmful consequences. Malaria during pregnancy is a major cause of maternal mortality.
  5. By the end of 2005, women accounted for nearly half of all people living with AIDS worldwide, and represent almost 60% of infections in sub-Saharan Africa. New studies underscore the disproportionate impact of the AIDS epidemic on women, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where, on average, three women are HIV-infected for every two men, however among young people (15 to 24 years), the ratio widens considerably to three young women for every young man.
Tags: Death Statistics, Leading Causes of Death

Sources:  WHO report: Injury, a leading cause of the global burden of disease 2000.

List Notes: All Statistics are reported deaths for the year 2000. This WHO study combines mortality and health data from national vital registration systems with information obtained from surveys, censuses,epidemiological studies and health service data.
Leading Causes of Death for Female Children 5 to 14

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