The Top 5 Leading Cause of Death for Persons Between 30 to 44 in High Income Countries

  Cause of Death Number of Deaths Percentage of Total
1 Self-inflicted Injuries 32,560 18.04%
2 Road Traffic Injuries 27,009 14.97%
3 Ischaemic (coronary) Heart Disease 18,825 10.43%
4 HIV/AIDS 15,339 8.50%
5 Cirrhosis of the Liver 14,116 7.82%
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 Special Report
  1. 815,000 people kill themselves worldwide every year, roughly one person every 40 seconds. Studies suggest that there are on average 20 attempted suicides for every completed suicide. In the last 45 years suicide rates have increased by 60% worldwide. Suicide is now among the three leading causes of death among those aged 15-44 years (both sexes). Mental disorders, particularly depression and substance abuse, are associated with more than 90% of all cases of suicide. According to WHO estimates for the year 2020 and based on current trends, approximately 1.5 million people will die from suicide and 10 to 20 times more people will attempt suicide worldwide. This represents on average one death every 20 seconds and one attempt every 1 to 2 seconds. The highest suicide rates in the world for both men and women are found in Eastern Europe. Outside of Europe the highest suicide rates are found, interestingly enough, in island countries such as Japan, Cuba, Shri-Lanka and Mauritius.
  2. Each year, road traffic injuries kill 1.2 million people (3,242 deaths per day) and injure or disable 20 to 50 million more. Most traffic-related deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries. Young men 15 to 44 years old, are involved in 77% of all vehicular collisions. Affected families are impoverished by health care costs and loss of income. Even countries are debilitated: costs to low- and middle-income countries exceed US$65 billion per year, which is more than the total amount received in these countries for development assistance.
  3. Cardiovascular disease made up 16.7 million, or 29.2% of total global deaths according to the World Health Report 2003. Heart disease has no geographic, gender or socio-economic boundaries. Of the 16.7 million deaths from cardiovascular diseases every year, 7.2 million are due to Ischaemic heart disease. Cardiovascular disease affects people in their mid-life years, undermining the socioeconomic development, not only of affected individuals, but of families and nations as well. Lower socioeconomic groups generally have a greater prevalence of risk factors, diseases, and mortality in developed countries. A similar trend is emerging as the cardiovascular disease epidemic matures in developing countries.
  4. The HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to threaten high-income countries, where over 75,000 people became infected with HIV in 2001. Although annual AIDS deaths have continued to slow in high-income countries because of the availability of antiretroviral treatment, countries that have let down their guard are seeing a renewed rise in the number of infected people due to an increase in risky behaviour. In addition, in some industrialized countries, widespread access to antiretroviral treatment is fueling a dangerous myth that AIDS has been defeated. In the United States, one-quarter of the 850,000 to 950,000 people living with HIV do not know their HIV status. African-Americans represent 12% of the United States population, but their HIV prevalence is 11 times higher than whites. In fact, approximately half of the 40,000 new infections annually are among African-American women who account for an increasing proportion of these infections. In Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Greece, New Zealand and the United States, sex between men is the most common infection route.
  5. In cirrhosis of the liver, scar tissue replaces normal, healthy tissue, blocking the flow of blood through the organ and preventing it from working as it should. The hepatitis B virus is probably the most common cause of cirrhosis worldwide, but it is less common in the United States and the Western world. In the western world, long-term chronic use of alcohol is directly linked to cirrhosis of the liver. The death Rate from Cirrhosis of the liver and parallels Alcohol Consumption Worldwide. 10% of the population are affected by alcohol related problems in western countries. Alcohol consumption worldwide is increasing.
Tags: Death Statistics, Health Statistics, High Income Countries

Sources:  WHO report: Injury, a Leading Cause of the Global Burden of Disease 2000; UNAIDS factsheet 2004

List Notes: All Statistics are reported deaths for the year 2000. This WHO study combines mortality data from national vital registration systems with information obtained from surveys, censuses,epidemiological studies and health service data.
Leading Cause of Death for Persons Between 30 to 44 in High Income Countries

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